From birth to billions of fines – POLITICO


October 2003: creation of Android in the United States
Android is co-founded by Andy Rubin, who became vice president at Google, and has since left, with Rich Milner. As uswitch.com notes in its Android history, “Little is known about the company at the time, but rumors were circulating that it was working on a smartphone operating system. They weren’t wrong. “

August 2005: Android bought by Google for “at least $ 50 million”
Google is acquiring Android for an undisclosed amount, estimated to be at least $ 50 million. The founders of Android continue to develop the new operating system, using Linux – the open source software – as the basis of Android.

January 2007: Apple launches the iPhone
The release of the Apple iPhone is forcing Android to return to the drawing board because its founders had no plans to switch completely to devices without a keyboard. The first tests of Android product was closer to that of BlackBerry.

September 2008: announcement of the first Android smartphone
HTC’s dream is on sale, catapulting the device manufacturer into to become one of the emerging leaders in the smartphone market, increasing the commercial appeal of the Android operating system.

August 2010: Oracle sues Google for copyright infringement
Oracle Corporation, which has a long-standing relationship with Google, for follow-up the research giant on alleged copyright and patent infringements. Oracle initially sought damages of up to $ 6.1 billion, later revised to $ 1 billion. Oracle won, with the U.S. Supreme Court dismissing Google’s appeal in June 2015.

End of 2010: Android becomes the world’s most popular smartphone operating system
Android bECOMES the world leader in smartphone software, with more than 33 million phones worldwide, according to Canalysis. Nokia is ranked second with 31 million. Android also outperforms the Apple iPhone and Blackberry RIMs by a factor of two.

April 2013: FairSearch files a complaint with the European Commission
FairSearch, a lobby group backed by Microsoft, Nokia, Oracle and others, files a complaint with the European Commission accusing Android and Google of anti-competitive predatory pricing.

April 2015: the Commission initiates proceedings against Google
The Commission opens formal proceedings against Google to investigate whether Android is in violation of antitrust rules. The allegations focus on whether Google has blocked manufacturers from developing and marketing modified and potentially competing versions of Android, and whether Google has hampered its competitors by exclusively preinstalling its products by bundling them on manufacturers’ phones. devices.

20 April 2016: Commission files a statement of objections against Google
The Commission charges Google is breaking antitrust rules by forcing manufacturers to preinstall Google products if they want to access other company apps. He also said that Google has asked phone makers to set Google as their default search engine and provided them with financial incentives to do so.

August 2016: Russia fines Google $ 6.75 million
The Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service is fining Google $ 6.75 million following similar allegations made by Yandex, the Russian search engine and Google rival.

June 27, 2017: Commission imposes record fine of 2.4 billion euros on Google in Shopping case
The European Commission is fining Google a record 2.4 billion euros for abusing a dominant position in internet search, saying the search engine favors some of its services over those of its competitors. Google filed an appeal in September 2017.

July 18, 2018: Google receives a fine of 4.3 billion euros for the Android mobile operating system: The European Commission has fined Google for antitrust violations related to Android, its popular mobile operating system. It was the biggest fine the EU has ever imposed on a sole proprietorship.


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