Google android – Android Apps Critic http://androidappscritic.com/ Sun, 06 Nov 2022 15:31:30 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://androidappscritic.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/cropped-icon-32x32.png Google android – Android Apps Critic http://androidappscritic.com/ 32 32 Competition in digital ecosystems: the Google Android shutdown https://androidappscritic.com/competition-in-digital-ecosystems-the-google-android-shutdown/ Wed, 12 Oct 2022 19:16:13 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/competition-in-digital-ecosystems-the-google-android-shutdown/ In the Google Android judgment of 14 September 2022, the General Court of the EU addresses the treatment of competition within and between digital “ecosystems” under EU competition law. At the heart of the €4.6 billion fine on appeal in this case was the European Commission’s finding that Google held a dominant position in the […]]]>

In the Google Android judgment of 14 September 2022, the General Court of the EU addresses the treatment of competition within and between digital “ecosystems” under EU competition law.

At the heart of the €4.6 billion fine on appeal in this case was the European Commission’s finding that Google held a dominant position in the market for operating systems (OS) licensed for smart mobile devices. Google argued that this narrow market definition did not take into account the competition between, on the one hand, the Android ecosystem, made up of mobile devices and applications based on Google’s Android operating system, and , on the other hand, the Apple ecosystem based on Apple’s proprietary iOS operating system. system.

The General Court recognized both the potential difficulties of applying standard competition law principles of market definition in the digital economy, and the need to take due account of non-market constraints. Nevertheless, he ultimately confirmed the Commission’s approach.

The starting point for the Commission’s position on market definition and market dominance was the observation that smartphone manufacturers (OEMs) wishing to license an operating system had in fact only only choice, Android. Apple had its own proprietary iPhone operating system (iOS), but Apple chose not to license iOS to other OEMs. Google argued that its emphasis on choice open to OEMs ignores the stiff downstream competition between devices using the Android operating system and Apple’s iOS.

The Court agreed that since Apple did not license iOS, iOS and Android were not substitutable from an OEM perspective. The competitive relevance of Apple’s iOS therefore had to be assessed in downstream markets for phone users and application developers.

With regard to users, the Court found that users’ choice between ecosystems was based on multiple factors and could not be reduced to OS alone. The operating system was an important factor in choosing a smart phone, but not the only factor. The switch from one ecosystem to another was mainly driven by the launch of new devices, not changes to the operating system.

Android users showed significant loyalty to the Android ecosystem: 82% refused to switch to Apple when buying a new device in 2015. But this loyalty does not seem to be driven by the quality of the device. ‘BONE. Figures from May 2017 showed that just 7.1% of Android users were running the latest version of the Android operating system on their devices, six months after it became available. Similarly, only a very small proportion of users who switched to an Apple device said they did so because of the quality of the operating system.

Instead, user loyalty could be attributable to difficulties encountered when switching ecosystems, such as transferring personal data, having to repurchase apps, or having to relearn how their device works. The fact that Apple launched an application to facilitate the switch from Android to iOS seemed to show that switching costs were a concern. For low-end device users, Apple’s pricing policy also emerged as a barrier to change, with at least 50% of Android devices sold at lower prices than Apple devices.

Regarding possible coercion of app developers, the Court held that since users were unlikely to switch to another mobile operating system, so would app developers, who could not reasonably abandon the majority of their clients.

Overall, the Court concluded that the Commission was justified in treating the Apple ecosystem as an “indirect constraint” on Google and that this constraint was insufficient to challenge Google’s dominant position. When assessing the significance of the constraint, the Commission considered the likelihood of users (and app developers) changing in response to a small but significant non-transitory reduction in quality (SSNDQ). This is different from the traditional small but significant and non-transitory price increase (SSNIP) test. However, the Court upheld the approach. Competition can take place both in terms of quality and innovation and in terms of price. And it was a product that was unlikely to lend itself to a traditional, price-based SSNIP test. Indeed, Google seems to have argued that, for an OS, quality was the determining factor in consumer choice.

Conclusions and comments

In this case, as in all cases, the outcome on market definition and dominance depended heavily on the facts. However, for those wondering how to deal with competition between digital ecosystems – or even more traditional first- and second-market systems like razors and razor blades or copiers and toner cartridges – the Tribunal’s approach seems instructive. The Court was quick to define separate markets at the level of equipment manufacturers and users. He then asked if the competition taking place at the user level was driven solely (or at least very largely) by the quality of the operating system. Once the Court determined that several factors, including but not limited to the quality of the operating system, were relevant to the user’s choice, Google faced an uphill battle to demonstrate that Apple’s indirect restraint was sufficient to avoid a finding of dominance.

within the digital economy… traditional parameters such as the price of products or services or the market share of the company concerned may be less important

curia.europa.eu/…

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Google Android-ruling: Commission once again fails AEC test https://androidappscritic.com/google-android-ruling-commission-once-again-fails-aec-test/ Wed, 05 Oct 2022 08:03:45 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/google-android-ruling-commission-once-again-fails-aec-test/ The “As Efficient Competitor” (AEC) test has now probably acquired mythical status at the European Commission, with EU courts overturning its AEC analysis for a third time for errors in reasoning (see our February 2022 and July 2022 newsletters ). The Tribunal reversed part of the Google Android decision for lack of evidence of the […]]]>

The “As Efficient Competitor” (AEC) test has now probably acquired mythical status at the European Commission, with EU courts overturning its AEC analysis for a third time for errors in reasoning (see our February 2022 and July 2022 newsletters ). The Tribunal reversed part of the Google Android decision for lack of evidence of the alleged foreclosure effects of Google’s exclusivity payments. According to the General Court, the Commission should have better substantiated its analysis of market coverage and deepened the cost data when using the AEC test. Moreover, Google’s right of defense would have been violated by the Commission’s refusal of a hearing on the AEC test. As a result, Google’s fine was reduced from €4.34 billion to €4.125 billion.

No reason for the Commission to discontinue its Big Tech quest, since the Tribunal left its analysis of Google’s alleged abusive leverage behavior intact. The Commission will therefore consider itself on the right track to combat abuse of a dominant position in the digital sector, with the forthcoming Digital Markets Act still to smooth the way (see our April 2022 newsletter).

The Commission’s decision

In 2018, the Commission fined Google €4.34 billion for abusing its dominant position in the general internet search market by imposing unlawful restrictions on Android device makers and mobile phone operators. mobile networks (see our August 2018 newsletter). The Commission’s investigation found that Google imposed three types of restrictions on Android device manufacturers and network operators:

  1. Linking Google’s search and navigation applications through mobile application distribution agreements: As a condition of licensing the Google App Store, manufacturers had to pre-install the Google search app and browser app (Chrome). According to the Commission, users are unlikely to download alternative search and navigation apps and use the pre-installed ones instead. Consequently, this tying practice has reduced the incentives for manufacturers to pre-install competing search and navigation applications as well as the incentives for users to download them afterwards.
  2. Unlawfully obstruct the development and distribution of competing Android operating systems by entering into anti-fragmentation agreements: Google has prevented manufacturers wishing to pre-install Google applications from selling smart mobile devices running on alternative versions of Android not approved by Google (so-called “Android forks”). The Commission found that this harms competition, as it reduces the possibilities for the development and sale of devices running on Android forks. It shut down a relevant channel for competitors to introduce apps and services.
  3. Illegal payments conditional on the exclusive pre-installation of Google search based on wallet-based revenue sharing agreements: Google has made payments to some major device manufacturers and mobile network operators on the condition that they only pre-install the Google Search app on a set of mobile devices in a predefined portfolio. This reduced their incentives to pre-install competing search apps.

The AEC test

On appeal, the Tribunal (CG) upheld the Commission’s decision regarding the first two types of restrictions, but reversed the findings regarding the unfairness of portfolio-based revenue-sharing agreements.

After agreeing with the Commission that portfolio-based revenue-sharing agreements constituted exclusivity agreements, the GC criticized the Commission’s market coverage analysis and its application of the AEC test to prove their effects exclusion. The GC considered that the market coverage of these agreements was not “significant”. On the contrary, Google’s plausible calculation showed that the exclusivity agreements covered less than 5% of the relevant market. Regarding the application of the AEC test, the GC identified several errors in reasoning regarding, for example, the estimated costs of an at least “equally efficient” competitor and the estimated likely revenues based on the age of the devices. mobiles used. Therefore, the Commission had not sufficiently established the unfairness of portfolio-based revenue sharing agreements and the Court set aside this part of the Commission’s decision.

Rights of defense

Furthermore, the General Court identified grounds for annulling this part of the Commission’s decision for procedural defects. The General Court found that Google’s rights of defense had been infringed because the Commission had refused a hearing after sending two factual letters substantially supplementing the analysis of the AEC test, initially set out in the statement of objections.

Google’s claim that its rights of defense were also violated by late and incomplete interview notes was less successful, however. The GC reiterated its Qualcomm decision by ruling that the Commission must keep minutes of each interview conducted to gather information about its investigation. The CG added in this context that this also applies to meetings held with Commissioner Vestager or members of her cabinet. In fact, it would be appropriate for the Commission to write such records of interviews”when this interview takes place or shortly thereafter in order to be added to the file as soon as possible”. Even so, Google has failed to establish that, had these notes been complete and shared on time, it would have been better able to defend itself.

Conclusion

The Court’s decision confirms that strict standards apply to the antitrust assessment of exclusive dealing agreements. After three AEC strikes, the Commission may resort to different evaluation methods, although the AEC test could be part of the game again once the Commission manages to follow Intel’s criteria to the letter (see our newsletter from February 2022). The dominant undertakings under the control of the Commission are required to ensure this. Just as they will keep a close eye on the Commission’s record keeping activities and other potential procedural mishaps in antitrust investigations.

Nonetheless, the Commission will likely see this as only a minor setback, now that its antitrust assessment of Google’s dominance and tied selling agreements holds firm (so far; it’s not yet clear whether Google has the intention to appeal the Tribunal’s decision). The upcoming Digital Markets Act will further help the Commission control big tech with its ex ante supervision on data access, interoperability and self-preference (see our April 2022 newsletter).

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Google’s Android TV begins to dominate the streaming market in Europe https://androidappscritic.com/googles-android-tv-begins-to-dominate-the-streaming-market-in-europe/ Fri, 23 Sep 2022 00:47:46 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/googles-android-tv-begins-to-dominate-the-streaming-market-in-europe/ A TV running a variant of Google’s Android TV called “Google TV”. (Photo: Google/Handout) Google’s streaming TV platform Android TV is increasing its share of the European smart TV market, according to new research unveiled earlier this month. The data, released by marketing firm Omdia, showed that around 90% of new smart TVs shipped in […]]]>
A TV running a variant of Google’s Android TV called “Google TV”. (Photo: Google/Handout)

Google’s streaming TV platform Android TV is increasing its share of the European smart TV market, according to new research unveiled earlier this month.

The data, released by marketing firm Omdia, showed that around 90% of new smart TVs shipped in Europe were powered by Android TV, including some models that include the new version of Android TV called Google TV.

The figure represents an increase of around 10% on the number of Android TV-equipped models that shipped in 2019, according to Omdia, and shows that the Google-backed technology is proving popular with streaming viewers.

Android TV has a much smaller share of the domestic streaming market, with around 6% of online viewers using some flavor of Android TV or Google TV to stream content from Netflix, Amazon Prime, Disney More and other apps. In the United States, Roku and Amazon control more than 70% of the streaming platform market.

Consumer TV viewing habits in Europe tend to be different from those in North America: until recently, most TV viewers in Europe still watched programs and movies via linear, cable and satellite channels. Broadcasters made it easy for Europeans to watch shows on their schedules by offering delayed channels that allowed viewers to watch shows up to 24 hours late.

The gap between linear TV and streaming TV has started to close over the past two years as European viewers move more freely between the two platforms. The international rollout of US-based streaming services has also helped: over the past three years, the Walt Disney Company, Warner Bros. Discovery, and Paramount Global have all launched variations of their US-based streaming services on the European market, and new services are launched every month.

This change means that companies like Amazon and Roku have started to take notice: Amazon has offered its Fire TV compatible streaming sticks in Europe for several years. Roku only recently started selling its Roku-powered streaming devices and smart TVs in a handful of countries.

Roku and Amazon’s decision to focus on the domestic market appears to have given Google an edge in Europe with Android TV, according to Omdia researchers. Speaking at a conference last week, Omdia analyst Paul Gray said the company believes the upcoming FIFA World Cup will boost sales of new TVs – and many of those models are likely to be powered by Android TV.

Globally, Samsung is said to have a head start in the streaming TV market, with its Tizen platform powering around one in five new TVs sold each year.

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The General Court partially annuls the Commission’s Google-Android decision https://androidappscritic.com/the-general-court-partially-annuls-the-commissions-google-android-decision/ Wed, 21 Sep 2022 10:09:41 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/the-general-court-partially-annuls-the-commissions-google-android-decision/ In its judgment of 14 September 2022 (the “judgment”), the General Court partially upheld Google’s appeal against the Commission’s 2018 decision. Google/Android decision, but upheld the most important and consequential elements of the decision, thereby confirming that some of Google’s practices regarding the Android mobile platform could be considered part of a strategy to protect […]]]>

In its judgment of 14 September 2022 (the “judgment”), the General Court partially upheld Google’s appeal against the Commission’s 2018 decision. Google/Android decision, but upheld the most important and consequential elements of the decision, thereby confirming that some of Google’s practices regarding the Android mobile platform could be considered part of a strategy to protect and strengthen the Google’s dominant position for general online search services and violated Article 102 TFEU.

In summary, the Tribunal:

  • confirmed the strict standards applicable to the evaluation of exclusivity agreements under section 102, as developed in Intel and Qualcom, and reversed the Commission’s finding that Google’s payments for the exclusive installation of Google apps on mobile phones under Revenue Sharing Agreements (“RSAs”) violated Section 102, challenging the Commission’s analysis of market coverage and its use of the “as an effective competitor” (“AEC”) option;
  • showed great deference to the Commission’s finding that the pre-installation requirements under Mobile Application Distribution Agreements (“MADA”), linking a license in the Google App Store to the pre-installation of Google’s general search application (Google Search) and browser application (Google Chrome), crowded out rival search application vendors as it provided Google with a significant distribution advantage over competitive;
  • confirmed the Commission’s view that the anti-forking obligations under the Anti-Fragmentation Agreements (“AFAs”), which prohibited OEMs that sold devices with pre-installed Google apps from selling devices with non-Android forks compatible, restricted competition by preventing the emergence of alternative mobile platforms where rival search service providers could promote their products.

The General Court also reduced the fine imposed on Google from 4.34 billion euros to 4.125 billion euros. The Tribunal’s most significant findings are summarized below.

The Commission was entitled not to take into account the competition between the Google and Apple mobile ecosystems when defining the relevant markets

The General Court agreed with the Commission that Google held a dominant position in the worldwide market (excluding China) for the licensing of operating systems for smart mobile devices (“OS”). Like the Commission, the Court found that Google’s arguments regarding competition between mobile ecosystems (namely that intense competition between Apple’s and Google’s mobile platforms prevented Google from exercising market in its relationship with OEMs) were not relevant for the purposes of market definition. The competitive constraints exerted by Apple’s platform were only indirect and insufficient to counterbalance Google’s market power.

Notably, the Tribunal endorsed the Commission’s use of the new SSNDQ test – an attempt to examine the likely effects of a small but significant, non-transitory decline in quality – and confirmed that the SSNDQ test, despite its limitations, could constitute relevant evidence for the purpose of defining the relevant market.

The pre-installation of MADAs provided a competitive advantage (distribution)

The Tribunal agreed that MADA’s pre-installation requirements created a “status quo bias” that discouraged users from switching to competing search applications in sufficient numbers. Pre-installation thus gave Google a significant competitive advantage that competing general search providers could not compensate for, whether through downloads, agreements with search engine developers or pre-installation agreements with OEMs.

Google’s counterfactual argument also failed to convince the Court. Google had argued that the contested decision failed to take into account that the Android platform created unprecedented competitive opportunities for its rivals and that Google would not have been able to develop and keep the Android platform open. and free in the absence of MADA conditions.

The Court disagreed, considering that the Commission was not contesting the MADA as a whole, but only the conditions precedent to the installation. The Court even agreed with the Commission’s view that Google could have instead granted a paid license to the app store, thus calling into question a key element of Google’s business model, which was based on the idea that a free license should reduce costs for OEMs and increase adoption of the Android Platform.

Anti-fragmentation agreements (“AFA”) prevented competition by forked Android platforms

The Court also found that the Commission had correctly assessed the effects of the anti-fragmentation obligations, which required OEMs to comply with a minimum compatibility standard for the implementation of Android source code for all devices running on an Android system. exploitation developed from Android source code. . These obligations allowed OEMs to use “Android compatible forks”, but prevented them from using “non-compatible Android forks”.

The Court noted that the Commission considered the anti-fragmentation obligations to be unfair only insofar as they applied to all Android OS devices and therefore included devices without pre-installed Google apps. Banning OEMs from marketing any device running an unsupported Android fork deprived unsupported Android forks of any commercial market and in turn, rival search providers from a platform on which they could market their products. .

The Commission has not established that the RSA exclusivity payments exclude competitors

The Court overturned the Commission’s finding that Google’s payments to certain OEMs and MNOs – provided they did not pre-install, or make available immediately after purchase, competitive general search services on a mobile device wallets themselves constituted illegal exclusive loyalty payments, as they made it more difficult for Google’s competitors to enter national markets for general search services.

Relying on the Intel judgment of the Court of Justice, the General Court found plausible Google’s argument – ​​that the coverage of the portfolio-based RSA was less than 5% of the market defined by the Commission. At the same time, the General Court noted that the Commission had not explained its own assessment of market coverage. It therefore concluded that the share of the relevant market covered by the exclusivity payments could not be described as significant. Moreover, as in the Intel case, the General Court found that the Commission had made a number of errors when applying the AEC test to establish that the exclusivity payments had exclusionary effects.

Comments

The Google/Android ruling, which comes after the Commission successfully defended its Google Shopping decision, lends significant support to the Commission’s enforcement agenda against major digital platforms. Contrary to the high standards governing the review of the Commission’s assessment of exclusivity payments, the Tribunal continues to show greater deference when reviewing a Commission finding that certain conduct, even if not do not induce exclusivity, provide a significant competitive advantage that smaller rivals cannot overcome.

Case T-604/18, Google and Alphabet v Commission

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New Shiba Eternity game release for Google Android around the corner https://androidappscritic.com/new-shiba-eternity-game-release-for-google-android-around-the-corner/ Mon, 19 Sep 2022 09:34:09 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/new-shiba-eternity-game-release-for-google-android-around-the-corner/ The lead developer of SHIB hints that SHIB Burns might be possible through the game. Companies can accept LEASH payments and exchange them for fiat. Shiba Inu lead developer Shytoshi Kusama said Australia would likely be the final testing location for the SHIB CCG game, Shiba Eternity. Kusama made this known in response to a […]]]>
  • The lead developer of SHIB hints that SHIB Burns might be possible through the game.
  • Companies can accept LEASH payments and exchange them for fiat.

Shiba Inu lead developer Shytoshi Kusama said Australia would likely be the final testing location for the SHIB CCG game, Shiba Eternity. Kusama made this known in response to a question from popular SHIB community member @shibalexander. The Shiba Eternity game went live on the Apple App Store after launching in Australia on September 17, 2022.

Australian users join Vietnamese in having the opportunity to be among the first testers and bug reporters of the Shiba Eternity game. Test reports of the SHIB CCG game in Vietnam show that it was a huge success. According to several reports, the demand was higher than expected and the Shiba team had to increase the capacity of the game servers fifty times to meet the demand.

When users asked for a first test of the SHIB CCG in their country, Kusama replied that the next event would probably be “upload day”. One of the requesters was a user from Turkey who said, “The Turkish community is waiting for the Shiba Eternity. When will the game be available for us to download from the App Store? »

Kusama responded by saying “soon”. Then he added that the game will be available for download worldwide and not just for some specific nations. According to him, the Shiba team wants to show the “shadowcats” that Shiba is a real force.

We are on schedule and Australia is our last test location, as I said before. However, I cannot give a specific time when the game would be available for download in the rest of the world.

He added that his desire is for downloading the game to break the App Store on download day. The main Shiba Inu developer also hinted that it might be possible to perform SHIB Burns through the game. But he would provide more details on this in a separate update before the download day.

Kusama added that Shiba Eternity is more than just a game and there will be lots of discussions before the upload day.

where will you be on download day?

The Shiba team is working to drive adoption of the game when it goes live. Last month, Shiba Eternity consultant William Volk showcased the game Shiba Eternity at the world’s largest video game trade show, Gamescom.

Companies can now receive LEASH payments

Crypto payment gateway platform, NOWpayments, has announced that businesses can start accepting LEASH payments from their customers. More importantly, they can always exchange their LEASH for fiat using the platform. LEASH is the second native token in the Shiba Inu ecosystem.

According to NOWpayments, the fiat conversion is automated as it is performed by NOWpayments technical partner, Switchere. A side benefit of this automated feature for merchants is that they do not need the services of any middlemen before they can convert their LEASH crypto payments to fiat.

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Google Android decision encourages ‘victory’ for EU, says Vestager https://androidappscritic.com/google-android-decision-encourages-victory-for-eu-says-vestager/ Fri, 16 Sep 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/google-android-decision-encourages-victory-for-eu-says-vestager/ A European court ruling this week that upheld a record European Union antitrust fine against Alphabet Inc.’s Google for its Android mobile operating system represents a clear ‘victory’ for regulators battling tech giants said EU competition chief Margrethe Vestager. A European court ruling this week that upheld a record European Union antitrust fine against Alphabet […]]]>

A European court ruling this week that upheld a record European Union antitrust fine against Alphabet Inc.’s Google for its Android mobile operating system represents a clear ‘victory’ for regulators battling tech giants said EU competition chief Margrethe Vestager.

A European court ruling this week that upheld a record European Union antitrust fine against Alphabet Inc.’s Google for its Android mobile operating system represents a clear ‘victory’ for regulators battling tech giants said EU competition chief Margrethe Vestager.

“It’s a win,” Vestager said in an interview with Bloomberg TV on Thursday. “A large majority of the case is fully affirmed, which means the court has upheld our view. Because of this, we also feel encouraged to continue to apply in matters of Big Tech.”

EU judges on Wednesday upheld the vast majority of the European Commission’s case against Google over Android, which regulators say cemented the company’s search engine dominance. They slightly reduced Google’s record penalty to 4.1 billion euros ($4.1 billion) from 4.3 billion euros ($4.3 billion).

Vestager pointed out that the commission has ongoing competition investigations into Apple Inc., Meta Platforms Inc. in addition to Google.

Wednesday’s decision can be appealed to the bloc’s highest court, the EU Court of Justice.

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Google Android will bring 15 Unicode emojis in December https://androidappscritic.com/google-android-will-bring-15-unicode-emojis-in-december/ Thu, 15 Sep 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/google-android-will-bring-15-unicode-emojis-in-december/ Google Android is one of the broad topics on which the company is constantly adding new material. In the latest edition, Google has decided to make the Android system more creative and fun by adding the brand new Unicode 15.0 emojis. This gets confirmation from the side of Google creative director of Emoji – Jennifer […]]]>

Google Android is one of the broad topics on which the company is constantly adding new material. In the latest edition, Google has decided to make the Android system more creative and fun by adding the brand new Unicode 15.0 emojis.

This gets confirmation from the side of Google creative director of Emoji – Jennifer Daniel. She shared recent actions underway on the emoji spectrum. At the same time, it provides information on the latest Unicode 15.0 edition.

To start, Jennifer talks about the inclusion of Unicode functionality. It consists of 15 new additions to the emoji library. For example, left and right hands, shaking face, ginger, donkey, moose, goose, jellyfish, pea pod, and new heart colors.

Not only in words, but the director also walked us through the design concept for these 21 new emojis. With a fancy layout and eye-catching colors, these mini pictures are quite interesting to look at.

NOTO Emoji – New addition!

Apart from these emojis, Jennifer also brings our opinion to the Noto Emoji. Finally, these emojis are an open source emoji font that will support Chrome and other Google products. Initially, these emojis were in black and white textures. However, they now fully support the color version.

Wait, the list doesn’t end there. Apart from Unicode emojis, Google is also trying to bring animated characters for the Android system. Therefore, users will find more than 200 types of animated emojis. Check them out HERE.

Apart from the website, you can also find these emojis in the latest version of Google Messages. So, the next updates for Android will bring a huge package of entertainment and innovation to consumers.

Although it is not possible to resist the temptation to use and explore this amazing area of ​​emojis. Yet, the report states that we were only able to find these emojis by Android’s December update.

(Source)

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EU court largely upholds Google Android’s $4 billion antitrust fine https://androidappscritic.com/eu-court-largely-upholds-google-androids-4-billion-antitrust-fine/ Wed, 14 Sep 2022 09:17:58 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/eu-court-largely-upholds-google-androids-4-billion-antitrust-fine/ LONDON — A high court has largely dismissed Google’s appeal against a record European Union antitrust fine imposed for stifling competition and reducing consumer choice due to the dominance of its Android mobile operating system. This is yet another victory for EU regulators who are taking the global lead in controlling the power of big […]]]>

LONDON — A high court has largely dismissed Google’s appeal against a record European Union antitrust fine imposed for stifling competition and reducing consumer choice due to the dominance of its Android mobile operating system. This is yet another victory for EU regulators who are taking the global lead in controlling the power of big tech companies.

The General Court of the European Court of Justice has largely upheld a 2018 decision by the EU’s Executive Commission to fine Google more than 4 billion euros ($3.99 billion).

“In order to better reflect the gravity and duration of the infringement”, Google should be fined 4.125 billion euros, the court said. This is slightly lower than the original €4.34 billion fine, with the court saying its reasoning differed “in some respects” from that of the commission.

“We are disappointed that the Court did not reverse the decision in its entirety,” Google said in a statement. “Android has created more choice for everyone, not less, and supports thousands of successful businesses across Europe and around the world.”

The company has previously argued that free and open-source Android has resulted in low-cost phones and spurred competition with its main rival, Apple. Android is the most popular mobile operating system, even beating Apple’s iOS.

The fine is one of three antitrust sanctions totaling more than $8 billion that the European Commission imposed on Google between 2017 and 2019, putting the 27-nation bloc at the forefront of the global push to curb the tech giants.

Since then, the commission has expanded its crackdown on digital giants with more antitrust probes targeting Amazon, Apple and Facebook and sweeping new rules aimed at cracking down on the biggest digital companies. Tech companies now face more scrutiny around the world: Google was also fined $50 million on Wednesday by South Korean privacy watchdogs who also fined $22 million. million to Facebook’s parent company, Meta.

In its original ruling, the European Commission said Google’s practices restrict competition and reduce choices for consumers.

It determined that Google broke EU rules by forcing smartphone makers to take a set of Google apps if they wanted them and stopped them from selling devices with modified versions of Android.

The bundle contained 11 apps, including YouTube, Maps and Gmail, but regulators focused on the three with the biggest market share: Google Search, Chrome and the company’s Play Store for apps.

Google had made some changes after the original decision to fix the problems, like giving European Android users a choice of browser and search app and charging device makers to pre-install its apps.

European consumer group BEUC, which championed the Commission’s case at the hearings, said the ruling “confirms that European consumers should be offered meaningful choice between search engines and browsers on their phones and tablets. “.

Google still has a chance to appeal the ruling – but only on points of law – to the EU Court of Justice, the bloc’s highest court. He didn’t say if he would.

The company has already lost an appeal of its first EU antitrust sanction, which it is now appealing to the Court of Justice. The General Court last year also sided with the commission, upholding a €2.4 billion fine imposed in 2017 by regulators who ruled that Google was unfairly directing visitors to its comparison service. price, Google Shopping, to the detriment of its rivals.

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See all AP tech coverage at https://apnews.com/hub/technology.

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Follow Kelvin Chan on Twitter at https://www.twitter.com/chanman.

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Google’s Android 13 code hints at foldable Pixel device and ‘Pro’ tablet https://androidappscritic.com/googles-android-13-code-hints-at-foldable-pixel-device-and-pro-tablet/ Mon, 12 Sep 2022 02:04:00 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/googles-android-13-code-hints-at-foldable-pixel-device-and-pro-tablet/ The first quarterly Android 13 platform beta has been rolled out by US tech giant Google and developers have already discovered code that hints at a pair of upcoming devices. According to The Verge, these devices include the rumored foldable Pixel and a new “Pro” tablet. In a Twitter thread, developer […]]]>


The first quarterly Android 13 platform beta has been rolled out by US tech giant Google and developers have already discovered code that hints at a pair of upcoming devices.

According to The Verge, these devices include the rumored foldable Pixel and a new “Pro” tablet. In a Twitter thread, developer Kuba Wojciechowski shared screenshots of code referencing the unfolded and folded states of a device called “Felix”.

The cameras used by the device have also been mentioned. These include a 64 megapixel (MP) Sony IMX787 main sensor and a 10.8 MP Samsung S5K3J1 telephoto lens on the back of the phone.

The device could also house an 8-megapixel Sony IMX355 sensor on the inside and another Samsung S5K3J1 on the front. The foldable’s dual rear camera system backs up claims that the device could fold horizontally like the Samsung Galaxy Z Fold, The Verge reported.

Last year it looked like Google was also working on a device that folds like a clamshell, but animations found in Android 12L and an icon in Google’s camera app point to a phone that folds like a book.

In addition to digging up details about Google’s next foldable, Wojciechowski also spotted references to a “Pro” tablet, called “t6pro” or “tangorpro.”

At I/O in May, Google confirmed that it ran on an Android tablet, and the developers understood that “t6” and “tangor” refer to the device.

However, now that the “pro” moniker is attached to these codenames, it could indicate that Google is also working on a high-end version of the tablet, according to The Verge.

(Only the title and image of this report may have been edited by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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Here are the new features of Google Android 2022 https://androidappscritic.com/here-are-the-new-features-of-google-android-2022/ Fri, 09 Sep 2022 08:19:56 +0000 https://androidappscritic.com/here-are-the-new-features-of-google-android-2022/ Google has announced a handful of new features for Android users in 2022 the current year. Undoubtedly, these features are not only interactive with the device system, they are also useful for users’ daily life. You can now activate your tasks and manage multiple operations more efficiently. What are these significant new additions? Well, Google […]]]>

Google has announced a handful of new features for Android users in 2022 the current year. Undoubtedly, these features are not only interactive with the device system, they are also useful for users’ daily life. You can now activate your tasks and manage multiple operations more efficiently.

What are these significant new additions? Well, Google Android 2022’s feature list includes easy sharing tools, revamped system apps, and better ways to use your handset and smartwatches.

So let’s start exploring these new and reflective functions of the Android interface.

Easily share your files with Nearby Sharing

Share Nearby – a new tool that lets you transfer your files and essentials to nearby Android devices (smartphones, tablets, Chromebooks). You can share the entire folder or customize the number of materials accordingly. Moreover, it automatically transfers files to other devices even if the screen is off.

However, to take advantage of this feature, you must have activated the corresponding function. To do this, make sure your selected Android devices are signed in to your Google account in the sharing menu.

Revamped Google Workspace

Google recently revamped its Google Workspace apps for large-screen devices. As a result, users will now be able to find larger and more efficient widgets for Google Drive and Keep apps on their tablet screens.

Additionally, this Google Drive widget will provide you with one-click access to Google Docs, Google Slides, and Google Sheets. Also, the Keep app widget will bring huge space and font sizes for easy note-taking, to-do lists, reminders, and more.

Emojiify your messages with Gboard

Google now brings magic to your hands to express yourself. No need to jump into the emoji section and search and search for the emojis to express yourself. With the brand new Emojify feature, you can easily get the emoticons you need to send without the extra effort of searching for them.

Just type your message and press the Emojify button. Select the preferred emoji and press the send button. Currently, the feature is running in Gboard’s beta, but soon the company will roll it out to all UK Gboard consumers.

On the other hand, there are now thousands of Emoji Kitchen stickers on Gboard. This group includes new and different emojis that you can even share with your friends or colleagues residing in other parts of the world.

Enjoy FaceTime with Google Meet

Google Meet is now bringing a live sharing feature to its surface. As a result, you can watch YouTube videos or play games with up to 100 members at the same time. At the same time, you will find a new multi-pinning feature to adjust your facetime screen and focus on the essential parts of the meeting.

New accessibility tools

Now, the sound notifications in the Live Transcript and Notifications section can detect the emerging home alert. For example, fire alarms, running water, door knocking, etc. Additionally, it will make a sound, vibration, or flash light and notify you on your phone or smartwatch.

Also, you can customize the alert sound accordingly. This feature is very useful when using headphones or when you have a hearing impairment. On the other hand, for the visually impaired, there is an audio description feature on Google TV.

Ultimately, this feature will tell the visual details that will help you understand what is happening in the storyline. You’ll also find a curated library of movies with audio descriptions on Google TV.

Features of Google Android 2022

Personalize your WearOS watch

Now there’s a new Keep feature in your handy mini gadget. You can easily order a note or checklist on your smartwatch without even using any other device. Another interesting point is that Google will soon introduce the Bitmoji feature on the WearOS watch face.

You can use your avatar after creating it on Snapchat or Bitmoji app and use it with changing expressions. These are the new features that are making their way to your Android devices. Let’s see what else we’ll be grabbing in the time to come.

[Source]

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